Composition Techniques (in Photography)

Composition is an art of arranging elements so that it makes sense to the viewers. 

In photography, composition is one of the most important aspects to consider, which helps you tell the story through the picture. Whether it be as simple as rule of thirds or a bit advances as framing and leading lines, every composition techniques helps make the photos better in some ways.

 Photography starts with the exposure triangle. 

After we know about the exposure triangle and are comfortable changing the manual settings on our own, it’s a good idea to learn about the composition and practice implementing few of the composition techniques while taking pictures.

Of course, there’re a lot of composition techniques. 

As a beginner, it might even blow your mind if you try to learn all those without having a practical exposure.

Few Composition Techniques:

*Rule of Third:

Rule of third is probably the most common among the composition – albeit an important one.

What this rule says is that divide your picture frame into 3 grids – both horizontal and vertical one. What we get is a total of 9 grids and 4 midpoints. 

Where to place the subject?

In or around the periphery of those 4 midpoints. According to the rule of thirds, your subject will get the attention it deserves if you place the subject within those midpoints. 

 Generally, when someone starts the photography, s/he places the subject right at the center.

Let’s not do that now. 

Now that we know about the rule of third, let’s try to place to subject slightly away from the center taking care of the grids and lines.  


Framing is about surrounding the photo with interesting elements. 

Think about the frame you have in your wall. 

The concept of framing is similar to what we see in the wall. In the wall, we frame the picture with some wooden crafts – while in the photo, we’re free to use any elements to surround the photo as long as it makes sense. 



Symmetry, as the name suggests is about having a symmetrical balance. 

While the rule of third is the most followed rule, there might be some exception when we place the subject right in the middle. 

Leading Lines


Negative Space