Screenplay - The Foundations of Screenwriting

Screenplay: The Foundations of Screenwriting – Book Summary

A screenplay is the story told with pictures, in dialogue and description and placed within the context of dramatic structure.

Chapter 1 – What is a screenplay?

A screenplay is not a novel and for certain it’s not a play.

If you look at the novel and try to define its fundamental nature, you’ll see that the dramatic action, the storyline, usually takes place inside the head of the main character. A play is different – the action, or the storyline, occurs onstage, under the proscenium arch, and the audience becomes the fourth wall, eavesdropping on the lives of the characters, what they think and feel and say.

Film is a VISUAL medium that dramatizes a basic story line.

Screenplays have a basic linear structure that creates the form of the screenplay because it holds all the elements, or pieces of the story line in place.

3-Act Structure

The word “structure” has basically 2 meanings:

  • “to build or put something together”
  • the relationship between the parts and the whole

A story is the whole and the elements that make up the story – the action, characters, conflicts, scenes, sequences, 3-acts, dialogue, action, events, music, location, etc. are the parts – and the relationship between the parts and the whole make up the story.

Act – I: “Set up”(app. 1- 30)
Act – II: “Confrontation”(app. 30 – 90)
Act – III: “Resolution”(app. 90 – 120)

Act I – “Set-up”:

Act – I is about the context. Context is the space that holds something in place.

  • Sets up the story
  • Establishes the character
  • Launches the dramatic premise.
  • Illustrates the situation
  • Creates the relationships between the main character and the other characters who inhabit the landscape of his/her world.

Act II – “Confrontation”:

In the second act, the main character encounters obstacle after obstacle that keeps him/her from achieving the dramatic need.

Dramatic need: “what the character wants to win, gain, get or achieve during the course of the screenplay”.

All drama is conflict. Without conflict, you have no action; without action you have no character ; without character, you have no story and without story , you have no screenplay.

Act III – “Resolution”:

It’s important to remember that resolution is not the ending; resolution means solution. Ending is the specific scene or shot or sequence that ends the script.

What’s the solution of your screenplay?

Does the main character live or die? Get Married or not? Win the race or not? Escape safety or not? Win the election or not? Leave her husband or not? Return the home or not? Act – III is the unit of action that resolves the story.

What’s a plot point?

A plot point is defined as any incident, episode or event that hooks into the action and spins it around in another direction. A plot point is always the function of the main character. Plot points serve an essential purpose in the screenplay; they are the major story progression and keep the story line anchored in place.

Plot points do not have to be big, dynamic scenes or sequences; they can be quiet scenes in which a decision is made.

Dramatic Structure: Linear arrangement of the related incidents, episodes, or events leading to a dramatic resolution.

Chapter 2 – The Subject

Every screenplay has a subject – it is what the story is about.

You need a subject to embody and dramatize the idea. A subject is defined as an action and a character. An action is what the story is about – a character is who the story is about. Knowing your subject is the starting point of your screenplay.

When you can articulate your subject, in terms of action and character, you’re ready to begin expanding the elements of structure and story. It may take several pages of the free association writing about your story before you can begin to grasp the essentials and reduce the complex storyline to a simple sentence or two.

Subject:
Action:Physical
Emotional
Character:
Define the need
Action is the character

Ask yourself what kind of story you are writing – Is it an outdoor action adventure movie? Or, is it a story about a relationship, an emotional story? Once you determine the kind of action you’re dealing with, you can move into the life of your character.

First, define the dramatic need of your character. What does your character want? What’s his/her need? What drives him to the resolution of the story? You must define the need of your character.

Know your SUBJECT !!

Chapter 3 – The Creation of Character

What is character but the determination of incident? And what is incident but the illumination of the character? – Henry James

Henry James says that incidents you create for your characters are the best ways to illuminate who they are – that is – reveal their true nature, their essential character. How they respond to a particular incident or event, how they act and react, what they say and do is what really defines the essence of their character.

Character is the essential internal foundations of your screenplay.

Before you can put one word down on paper, you must know your character. How do you determine whether your character will drive a car or ride a motorcycle or take the bus or subway, and what kind of paintings or posters hang out in his/her apartment?

Who is your main character?

The way you drive your story forward is by focusing on the actions of the character and the dramatic choices he or she makes during the narrative story line. You can have more than 1 main character, of course, but it certainly clarifies things if you identifies single hero or heroine.

First, establish the main character. Separate the components of his/her life into two basic categories:

  • interior
  • exterior

The interior of your character takes place from birth up until the time your story begins. It is a process that forms character.

The exterior life of your character takes place from the moment film begins to the conclusion of your story. It is the process that reveals the character.

Character:
Internal:takes place from birth – story
Emotional life – forms character
External:
from the start of the movie to end.
Physical Life – reveals the character

Character Biography:

The character biography is an exercise that reveals your character’s interior life, the emotional forces the emotional forces working on your character from birth. Continue to trace your character’s life until the story begins.

Writing is the ability to ask yourself the questions and wait for the answers.

The exterior aspect of your character takes place during the eventual time of the screenplay, from the first fade-in to the final fade-out. The best way to do this is to separate your character’s life into 3 basic components – their professional, personal and private life. (These areas of your characters’ lives can be dramatized over the course of the screenplay)

Professional: What does the protagonist do for the living?

Personal: Relationship / Love / Family

Private: What does your character do when s/he is alone?

Action is Character

Film is behavior. Pictures, or images reveal different aspects of character. Whereas character reveals the deep-seated nature of who people are, in terms of their values, actions and beliefs, characterization is expressed in the way people live, the cars they drive, the pictures they hang on the wall, their likes and dislikes, what they eat, and other forms of individual expression.

Form your characters by creating a character biography, and then reveal them by showing who they are in the professional, personal and private life.


Exercise:

Choose a character and write a character biography. Free Associate. Just throw down some thoughts, words or ideas. Write in fragments. You may want to start from birth, but you don’t have to follow the character’s life in a linear form. Let your creative consciousness dictate the flow of character.

As you have completed the character biography, think about your character’s professional, personal and private life. Focus on the relationships that occur during the screenplay.

Know Your Character !!

Chapter 4 – Building The Character

Building character is part of the mystery and magic of the creative process.

In is an ongoing, never-ending, continuing practice. In order to really solve the problem of character, it’s essential to go into your characters and build the foundations and fabric of their lives, then add ingredients that will heighten and expand the portrait of who they are.

Four essential qualities that seems to go into making a good character:

  • the characters have dramatic need
  • they have an individual Point-of-View (POV)
  • they personify an attitude
  • they go through some kind of change, or transformation

1. Dramatic Need:

A dramatic need is defined as what your main characters want to win, gain, get or achieve during the course of your screenplay. The dramatic need is what drives your character through the story line. It is their purpose, their mission, their motivation, driving them through the narrative action of the story line.

In most cases you can express the dramatic need in a sentence or two.

It is usually simple and can be stated through a line of dialogue, if you choose; or it does not have to be expressed at all. But you as a writer, must know your character’s dramatic need.

There are times when the dramatic need will change during the course of your story. If your character’s dramatic need dos change, it will usually occur at Plot Point I, the true beginning of your story. If you like, you can establish dramatic needs for other characters in the screenplay.

The dramatic need is the engine that powers the character through the story line.

2. Point-Of-View

How Do You Format a Screenplay – ‘Screenplay Formatting 101’

Ever read screenplays?

If you have, then you might have noticed that every screenplay uses the same format. Even spacing the character is done according to the standard. Having a standard in screenwriting is quite important for producers and directors and all the casts and crews to go through the scripts.

Firstly, it all starts with a scene.

INT. LIBRARY – DAY

Here, it’s essential to describe the scene where the action is taking place – it provides the information for the crews to work on their part. For example, location scouts can search for the location mentioned in the scene (‘library’ in this case).

INT. – means Interior

EXT. – means Exterior

After that comes the place where all the action is about to happen. You can be as specific as you can in this context. Here I wrote the library but it could be more specific than that – for instance, if it’s the library of a university or a public library.

After the ‘-‘ (dash) sign comes the time of the day. Whether it’s day, or morning, or dawn or midnight – whenever the action takes place.

Secondly, describe the action.

Remember that the film is a visual medium. Everything you describe should be something that can be seen (or at least be heard) in the screen. It’s not necessary to write the feelings that goes on into the character’s head – you can describe his expressions and reactions though.

Here’s an example:

SAGAR, a 25-year-old man searches for the book as he goes through the piles of the books – seems in a hurry. He goes through the ‘Psychology’ section. And then picks up a book and searches for a place in the corner to read the book.

As you continue writing, there will be characters having conversations with each other.

Whenever you introduce a character for the first time in the script, you have to CAPITALIZE the name so that the reader understands the entry of the character. Next up is dialogue.

RAJIT:

(speaks in a soft voice)

Hey !! How are you doing?

The dialogue starts with the name of the character aligned at the center. (You don’t need to know exactly how many inches from the left side – use a screenwriting software for that). The character speaking is always CAPITALIZED.

The phrase in the parenthetical refers to the guide for the actor to perform – these are not necessary until and unless the character demands it.

Dialogue and Action

Dialogue and Action are going to fill the most parts of your script. Movies are mostly action and dialogue. Most of the times, novice screenwriters try to add a lot of things to the script that is not part of the story. As a professional, please try to avoid that habit. As a screenwriter, you’re not writing a shooting script – you ‘re writing a script for the producers, directors, actors and other crew members to read.

As far as possible, write in plain English (without jargon s)

Here’s the best advice anyone can provide you when writing the screenplay – move forward your story.

How to Write a Successful Character Biography?

Character Biography are a essential part of writing a movie script.

Unless you know your character well enough (especially protagonist), you will not know your story better – since the story in the movie is all about the character. Before we even write a piece of dialogue or fade in the first scene, we have to know the character well enough to make a story about him/her.

As it’s mentioned in the book ‘Screenplay’:

A Character is an illumination of the incident and an incident is a determination of the character.

A character is the most important part of the screenplay – because the story you’re telling – it’s all about the character. Hence, you have to craft really well when writing a screenplay.

What is a Character Biography?

Character Biography is a method to write about the character that you’re creating and building. There are 2 areas to consider while making a biography for the character:

  • Interior Life
  • Exterior Life

Exterior Life

In order to note down the exterior life of the character, there are so many templates and there are some questions that need to be answered and then you have a character’ exterior life.

Here’s one of those templates:

Full name

Nickname:

Age:

Nationality:

Religion:

City of birth

The current place for living

Job title:

Employing company:

Income:

Is he or she married?

Mother tongue

Birthday:

Interior Life

When it comes to the interior life, there can be no templates or structures – it’s just about how much deep we know the character. The only way I think is to write a paragraph about the character – their back story – what shaped her to become the person she is today.

However, there are few questions that will help you along the way. Here are a few of those:

  • What are your character’s deepest fear?
  • What was the moment (or event) in the story that turned his life into another direction?
  • What is your character’s dramatic need?
  • What does your character think about life in general?

Well. That’s it for now !!

That was a short post – I hope you consider making a character biography before you write your next screenplay.

Brainwave Entrainment – What It Is? (Brainwaves Explained)

Everything in this universe has a rhythmic pattern, isn’t it?

Well, it is and it seems that our brain, which is certainly the most complex object in the world has a rhythmic pattern as well (sometimes, it’s also referred to as neural oscillation)

At any given moment, our brain is believed to be in one of the states – Beta, Alpha, Theta, Gamma and Delta state. Each of these states has a range of vibration associated with it.

… brainwave entrainment is about altering the state of your brain to make impact in your life.

Before we talk further about brainwave entrainment, let’s discuss first about the brainwave itself.

What are Brainwaves?

Whenever we think, it brings a flood of chemicals in the neurons. Neurons communicate with each other, and when they do – they produce a synchronized electrical pulses.

… these are often referred to as brain waves.

The metric to measure the brain wave is Hertz (Cycles Per Second).

Beta State (12 – 38 Hz)

Beta State is the state of our normal waking consciousness. Whenever we are in the thinking state – thinking about the outside world, we’re in the beta state. Decision making and focused activities all relate to this state of the brain.

Alpha State (8 – 12 Hz)

Alpha state represents calmness and rest. It’s the state where we quietly bring in thoughts while also being in some meditative states. A lot of people while daydreaming or in relaxation (like yoga) tend to be in this state.

Have you heard of Law of Attraction?

If yes, then let me also mention that all the visualization manifests in this state of the brain. This is when you program your future as well.

Theta State (3 – 8 Hz)

Theta state comes mostly in sleep while sometimes in meditation. A lot of ancient sages is believed to gain Theta state after few minutes of meditation.

… it’s the state of our intuition.

There are almost no thoughts when we tap into this mystic and powerful state – there’re only vivid imaginations, intuition and information beyond what we see in the normal world.

Delta State (0.5 – 3 Hz)

Deepest of the state, which is activated during the dreamless meditation. Delta state is often associated with healing and suspension of the external awareness.

Delta waves are slow, low-frequency waves and deeply penetrates like a drum beat.

Gamma State (38 – 42 Hz)

When the brain process information rapidly and from different areas of the brain, it starts generating gamma waves. This state refers to the simultaneous processing of the information in the brain. Credited as the most subtle state of the brain, our brain needs to be quiet to generate gamma waves.

… gamma waves are believed to be possible only when we are in deeply focused on something.

This article is of course not supposed to be ‘Scientific’ class – I will explain it to you why all this matters and how you can benefit from this newly found idea.

What is Brainwave Entrainment?

Once again, let’s breakdown the word – ‘Brainwave’ and ‘Entrainment’.

We have already learned a lot about brainwaves, now it’s time we get to get into the word – ‘entrainment’.

Entrainment basically means ‘synchronization’. When you are causing synchronization, it’s often referred to as entrainment. In our case, when one wave causes the other wave to be in synchronization (i.e same frequency), it’s said that the former wave entrained the latter one.

Brainwave Entrainment, hence is a method to stimulate the brain to enter a certain state by using a pulsing sound, light or electromagnetic wave.

Although it might seem complex, it’s not – believe me.

Think about this – whenever you listen to a sad, emotional songs – how does your brain react? Of course, you tend to feel sad, right? Now think about what caused that emotional response within the brain. It’s the the music around you that sparked that response.

… entrainment is not much different (except the fact that we are talking about frequencies and beat)

Benefits of Brainwave Entrainment

Brainwave entrainment helps us in a lot of ways. Since it is about reaching a certain state of the brain, it impacts all the areas of our life.

  • Increases the level of creativity in us.
  • Relieves the stress (Helps us get into relaxation state)
  • Enhanced learning (Heightened IQ + EQ)
  • Deep Sleep

These are just the few of the benefits of brainwave entrainment. Brainwave entrainment, as I see it is an important part of 21st century meditation – let’s say scientific meditation.

10+ Best Youtube Channels for Filmmakers (in 2019)

Here I have compiled some of the best filmmaking resources channels out there on youtube.

When it comes to the educational content on youtube, resources are huge – and it’s so easy to get distracted. Which ones to learn first? Which ones are genuine and which are promotional content? Are the content updated often as the technology gears forward?

Thousands of questions in mind.

No worries, this list comes to your rescue. I have compiled only truly genuine resources which will help you develop your craft as a filmmaker.

Here are those list:

Filmmaker IQ

Filmmaker IQ is one of the best channels to learn about filmmaking. They generally make an information – kind of video. I loved the way they integrate motion graphics into their videos. It’s a truly edutainment channel – with a lot of depth information on certain topics.

Whether it be about the using audio for the movies, history of the movies or the green screen – they have got it all covered.

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/user/FilmmakerIQcom

StudioBinder

StudioBinder is another channel which offers a lot of quality videos – from script writing to cinematography.

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUFoQUaVRt3MVFxqwPUMLCQ

RocketJump Film School

Almost like a film school on YouTube, RocketJump School offer a lot of in-depth videos on every aspect of filmmaking. My favorite videos are their ‘101’ series – Cuts and Transitions 101, VFX core concept 101 and so on.

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/user/RJFilmSchool

Film Courage

Renowned for their lengthy interview-like videos, Film Courage offers videos where we can learn from the industry professionals ranging from screenwriters to actors.

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/user/filmcourage

The Slanted Lens

Mostly for cinematography and photography, The Slanted Lens produce some of the great quality videos on lighting, camera comparisons and such. My favorite videos are their playlists on ‘Laws of Light’.

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUbAIlQq6qdOCW7nURh9Qog

Andyax

Mostly known for his behind the scenes videos, they make a lot of quality videos about filmmaking in general. My personal favorite is their ‘FilmMaking on a budget’ video.

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/user/Andyax

Film Riot

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/user/filmriot

DSLRGuide

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/user/DSLRguide

Tommorows Filmmakers

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCK8a56y4aVNhlpsJ1f3ZA4Q

Parker Welbeck

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/user/pawalbeck

Cinematography Database

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/user/cinematographydb

wolfcrow

Follow them here ๐Ÿ‘‡

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7gBcKzHKc0oOR5-XiWdlFQ

Honorable Mentions: (Videos)

There are few videos out there on YouTube which helps you learn about the particular subject – be it cinematography, screenwriting, etc. Remember these are all the personal choices. I have watched these videos to educate myself on various aspects of filmmaking. Hence, I thought it would be a great idea to share it to you guys as well.

Cinematography:

Life As A Smart Club CCT – Reflection

… it was a fine morning.

Every morning is fine by the way – not the ‘fine’, but fine ๐Ÿ™‚ This was a special morning – a normal one – turned out to be a special one. It was a valentines month (beginning of February) and a Saturday ๐Ÿ™‚ I woke up, did meditation and regular activities and was eager to attend pravachans from Dr. Yogi Vikashananda at Samakhusi – but something came on my mind all of a sudden.

I had heard of a club named smart club since the days of my A-levels. And I was completely aware that one of my friends, Manjil goes to the smart club on a regular basis.

Now, I began wondering …

What happens at this club – must say that I was fascinated by the name ‘Smart’ – pretty smart, right? I’ve always been a person who decides based on the instincts and right at the moment – this was no exception. Most of the time, it turns out to be the right decision. Immediately, I called my friend, Ashish, and we visited the smart club (location was Anamnagar at the time), On that day, we reached at around 6:50 am – no one was there.

I thought, maybe it’s not happening today.

But, after 10-20 minutes of waiting, people started to come – the first who came were two of my neighborhood friends – Pranzal and Krishna. Much to my delight, they were among the speakers that day – before that day – we used to have a conversation about science, philosophy and everything but the smart club. Never before, we had a chat about the club and here they were as the speaker – to my surprise.

That day, I did not attend pravachan. I still go to pravachan by the way – but not on Saturday – because Saturday is ‘Smart Club’.

Positive Vibrations

The first thing I noticed about this club was the positive vibes that radiate out through the people that this club touch – I don’t remember much about the topics that people spoke on that day – nor the OCA (Overall Critical Analyst) – I remember few of the jokes from Pranav though, about the valentines ๐Ÿ˜ƒ

… truth be told, I did not care about the ‘public speaking’ part of it.

I just liked the frequency that I was in – people around me – everyone sacrificed their Saturday morning to be at this club – this day, I found my home – where I wanted to be no matter what. No goals, no objectives, not any vision – I just wished to be there – somewhere my spirit felt – I belong here, it could be an integral part of my journey.

Fast forward to today, (after almost 4 years), CCTs have changed, people who come to the club have changed, the venue has changed, banners have changed, the way we interact through social media has changed, everything has changed – except my love for ‘Smart Club’. It’s been my home – this club has a special place in my heart.

Extroverted Nature and Introverted Feelings

Imagine walking into the room, seeing a group of people – only to realize that one person is speaking for 90% of the time, usually, that person is ME.

I project words.

And not feelings, in these aspects, I’ve been a reserved person. A couple of times throughout my journey, it has impacted me to a huge extent. As a competitive person (who used to be the first among the class every time), I went to speak for around 2 years taking different roles and winning nothing – felt something was not right, maybe the way I am speaking is not working out, something which I’ve not figured out till now.

I remember my friend, Bipin saying as a commentator – I’ve 2 friends named ‘Rajit’, whom if you meet outside is a super chilled guy with a big smile and on the stage – he is a nervous guy, with … (I don’t know – whatever)

Despite not having any developments in the ‘speaking’ aspect, this club has blessed me with a group of friends that I’ll never be detached from.

New Generation Of Brothers and Sisters

I like the word – ‘DAI’

They call me ‘dai’ and I love it, sometimes in a sarcastic manner – to keep reminding me that I’m older than them. But there’s something deeply satisfying to hear that from these groups of people. While they keep reminding me of the fact that I’m single – I love to joke about it.

2018-19 has probably been the best of years at this club.

Mostly because I’ve found myself interacting with my younger selves through others.

Tenure Right Before Mine

The tenure right before me was Prajwal and the team’s tenure – he was the guy who personally pushed me to work hard for this club. Even though sometimes, it was painful because of the time constraints and all, it was fun working with him at the same time. Now, as I reflect upon our tenure – must say that he gave his best to the club as well.

I’m much thankful to him that he even made me an OCA during the last session of his tenure.

Image may contain: 5 people, people sitting and indoor

Transition to Being a Convener

The journey of being a convener was more of a thing that happened rather than a CHOICE.

After some beautiful years at the smart club, I thought it was time to contribute to the club through something that I can do – and that’s lead a project. After all, there’s nothing to lose – the only thought came to my mind at the time was let’s try and even if we fail – let’s fail in a beautiful manner. Even that choice was based on instinct – I just did what I felt right at the moment.

During the speech election, I clearly mentioned the following thing:

“The decisions that we make over the course of 6 months will decide the future of this club, let’s work together for the betterment – anyone can do it, but only through the harmony among us – the members”

Image may contain: 6 people, people smiling

Even before the election, Pukar and Sujan, they chose me. Till today, I’ve no idea what they saw at the time – all they had to say was ‘you’ve to be our convener and that’s it’. No logic, no comments. hahahhaha – one of the mysteries of life we cannot solve, but also cannot ignore.

In the end, the voting was over.

I was super chilled, no matter what. The result did not matter – because it’s been always my home – I had worked before and will work afterwards, no matter what.

In the end, it all worked out – I got one of the best teams that I ever saw in this club – I’m much grateful for that. I have to personally thank every of my core CCT team:

Pukar, Pratik, Swikar and Sujan.

Not to forget – Sanbaj.

If you ever think our tenure was enjoyable or productive, then it’s only because of these guys working in the background.

Few Improvements That We Brought

Maybe the major improvement that we brought to this club was to record the speeches. After many years I spent at this club, I saw this need of recording or at least documenting the speeches of the speakers – so that they could learn through those videos and keep improving. Hence, that’s the thing we implemented from the very first day.

The other things are the subtle improvements which often go unnoticed.

For example, banner, we improved the design of the banner and printed a standee banner, which made the sessions look more professional. We started a LinkedIn page named ‘Smart Club’ and started sharing videos through those platforms as well. Not to forget, we started a youtube channel for this club. In addition, we recorded a few podcasts bringing in the alumni of the club.

The improvement in me is that I’ve become smart at flirting.

We also mentored many students going through the schools and training them and facilitating them – urging them to speak confidently – in front of the mass.

Few Memorable Moments

Deusi Bhailo

Deushi Bhailo session was the standout moment for me.

The reason being, deusi has always been close to my heart – the year I miss deusi – I always feel something missing that year. I could not miss this chance to play deusi for my beloved club. That’s the reason, we did deushi despite a few difficulties – for instance, high transport costs, few participants, mostly because half of the members went out of the town, and so on. It was a bit risky at the time – but somewhere, I knew it would be hugely rewarding and personally satisfying.

Image may contain: 21 people, including Shishir Ghimire, Sita Niraula Bhattarai, Ervin Berry, Swikar Sita Bhattarai, Sanbaj Ansari and Suprabha Bhusal, people smiling, people sitting

Demo Hike

This is the special thing that we did – many of us don’t even know that we went for the demo hike before the regular hike on Saturday.

Thanks to the bonding between all of us – we CCTs (4 of us) went to the demo hike – just to find out the trails to reach Namobuddha ๐Ÿ™‚ it was not necessary – but much fun.

We had left Swikar’s bike on Dhulikhel – which remained there throughout the day. The funny thing is we reached Namo buddha at 6 pm. It was already 7 pm when we left the place – because of the bike and the time. We booked a cab – but then realized the cab owner was drunk and could not drive that day.

All of us walked singing a song: ‘Dhoka dine laai ke bhanau ra khai, timi hasa ho mai bachau laa roi’

Fortunately, we found another cab on the way and the next funny thing happened – we did not have enough money. All we had was Rs 500 and the cab owner asked for Rs 1000 to reach Banepa. In the end, he agreed – because even if he did not agree, we did not have money and he knew he was traveling alone through the jungles. It proved a win-win for both of us.

We kept teasing Swikar – ‘What if the bike is not there?’

Fortunately, it was there. Pukar and Swikar went on bike. When I reached home, I heard that they nearly went on a hole – as it was the first long ride from Swikar and night time, so bike almost fell down ๐Ÿ™‚ Again, that did not happen – the demo hike experience was overall worthwhile experience.

Second Sessions from Sanbaj

I have to personally thank Mr. Sanbaj Ansari, for being there when we needed him. Every time we needed a moderator – he was there – he was ready for the challenge. Even if his plan was something else, all we needed to do was call him and he showed up. Thank you for making every session humorous, beautiful and raising the energy in every session.

Thanks for reading my boring post – get back to your life – do double, but don’t trouble your mother.

All the best for the new CCT Team:)

Peaceful Relaxing Bhajans

When it comes to music that provides satisfaction to the soul, nothing comes closer than bhajans. Every bhajan I’ve heard as of today has been created out of devotion – hence we (especially me) feel the devotion of the songs (or music).

Here are some of those soul-fulfilling bhajans:

Hari Sundar Nanda Mukunda

Achyutam Keshavam Krishna Damodaram

Guru Maat Pita

Hey Ram Hey Ram

Sri Raama Chandra Kripalu

Shree Krishna Govind Hare Murari

These are just some of the bhajans which I listen to whenever I feel like I’m meant to listen to these bhajans. This is totally a personal list and your list might be different.

Of course, music has always been the gateway to the human soul – the universe is nothing but a fabric of space and time, filled with vibrations. In short, the universe is the music itself. I hope you’ll have a great time listening to bhajans.